von Ergebnissen oder Vorschlägen für "Kroatien Flagge". Überspringen und zu Haupt-Suchergebnisse gehen. Berechtigt zum kostenfreien Versand. Top-Angebote für Flagge Kroatien online entdecken bei eBay. Top Marken | Günstige Preise | Große Auswahl. Die Flagge Kroatiens ist eine horizontale Trikolore in den Farben Rot, Weiß und Blau, mit dem mittig aufgesetzten Wappen Kroatiens. Sie wurde am Dezember zur Nationalflagge erklärt. Die rot-weiß-blaue Trikolore ist seit dem
Flagge Kroatienvon Ergebnissen oder Vorschlägen für "Kroatien Flagge". Überspringen und zu Haupt-Suchergebnisse gehen. Berechtigt zum kostenfreien Versand. Die Flagge Kroatiens ist eine horizontale Trikolore in den Farben Rot, Weiß und Blau, mit dem mittig aufgesetzten Wappen Kroatiens. Sie wurde am Dezember zur Nationalflagge erklärt. Die rot-weiß-blaue Trikolore ist seit dem Flagge Kroatien, Fahne, Fahnen, Kroatien, Hymne Kroatien, kroatische Flagge, NationalflaggeKroatien, Nationalfahne, Nationalhyme.
Croatia Flagge Emoji Meaning VideoFun With Flags #26 - Croatia History at your fingertips. Country information. Flag of Croatia The Croatian flag GegenГјber Von Englisch a horizontal tricolour with in the center an emblem. It is a small yet highly geographically diverse crescent-shaped country. Similar to the Dutch flagproportions
During the 5th century, the last de jure Western Roman Emperor Julius Nepos ruled his small realm from the palace after fleeing Italy to go into exile in Roman survivors retreated to more favourable sites on the coast, islands and mountains.
The city of Dubrovnik was founded by such survivors from Epidaurum. The ethnogenesis of Croats is uncertain and there are several competing theories, Slavic and Iranian being the most frequently put forward.
The most widely accepted of these, the Slavic theory, proposes migration of White Croats from the territory of White Croatia during the Migration Period.
The record represents the first document of Croatian realms, vassal states of Francia at the time. The Frankish overlordship ended during the reign of Mislav two decades later.
Tomislav was the first king of Croatia , styled as such in a letter of Pope John X in Tomislav defeated Hungarian and Bulgarian invasions , spreading the influence of Croatian kings.
This led to a war and personal union of Croatia and Hungary in under Coloman. For the next four centuries, the Kingdom of Croatia was ruled by the Sabor parliament and a ban viceroy appointed by the king.
The Venetians gained control over most of Dalmatia by , with exception of the city-state of Dubrovnik which became independent. Following the decisive Ottoman victories, Croatia was split into civilian and military territories, with the partition formed in The military territories would become known as the Croatian Military Frontier and were under direct Habsburg control.
Ottoman advances in the Croatian territory continued until the Battle of Sisak , the first decisive Ottoman defeat, and stabilisation of borders.
Dalmatia , the southern part of the border, was similarly defined by the Fifth and the Seventh Ottoman—Venetian Wars.
The Ottoman wars instigated great demographic changes. During the 16th century Croats from western and northern Bosnia , Lika , Krbava , the area between the rivers of Una and Kupa and especially from western Slavonia migrated towards Austria and the present-day Burgenland Croats are direct descendants of these settlers.
Between and the First French Empire gradually occupied the entire eastern Adriatic coastline and a substantial part of its hinterland, ending the Venetian and the Ragusan republics, establishing the Illyrian Provinces.
This led to formation of the Kingdom of Dalmatia and restoration of the Croatian Littoral to the Kingdom of Croatia, now both under the same crown.
Its primary focus was the establishment of a standard language as a counterweight to Hungarian , along with the promotion of Croatian literature and culture.
By the s, failure of the policy became apparent, leading to the Austro-Hungarian Compromise of and creation of a personal union between the crowns of the Austrian Empire and the Kingdom of Hungary.
The treaty left the issue of Croatia's status to Hungary, and the status was resolved by the Croatian—Hungarian Settlement of when kingdoms of Croatia and Slavonia were united.
After Austria-Hungary occupied Bosnia and Herzegovina following the Treaty of Berlin , the Croatian Military Frontier was abolished and the territory returned to Croatia in ,  pursuant to provisions of the Croatian-Hungarian settlement.
On 29 October the Croatian Parliament Sabor declared independence and decided to join the newly formed State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs ,  which in turn entered into union with the Kingdom of Serbia on 4 December to form the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes.
The Yugoslav government retained control of defence, internal security, foreign affairs, trade, and transport while other matters were left to the Croatian Sabor and a crown-appointed Ban.
In April , Yugoslavia was occupied by Germany and Italy. NDH was trying to establish such an internal structure that would be consistent with that of the Third Reich and fascist Italy so its authorities introduced racial laws against Jews , Roma and Serbs many of whom were imprisoned in concentration camps.
A resistance movement soon emerged. On 22 June ,  the 1st Sisak Partisan Detachment was formed near Sisak , as the first military unit formed by a resistance movement in occupied Europe.
With Allied support in logistics, equipment, training and air power, and with the assistance of Soviet troops taking part in the Belgrade Offensive , the Partisans gained control of Yugoslavia and the border regions of Italy and Austria by May , during which tens of thousands of members of the NDH armed forces , as well as Croat refugees, were killed by the Yugoslav Partisans.
The political aspirations of the Partisan movement were reflected in the State Anti-fascist Council for the National Liberation of Croatia , which developed in as the bearer of Croatian statehood and later transformed into the Parliament of Croatia in , and AVNOJ —its counterpart at the Yugoslav level.
In , Croatian authors and linguists published a Declaration on the Status and Name of the Croatian Standard Language demanding greater autonomy for the Croatian language.
As tensions rose, Croatia declared independence on 25 June However, the full implementation of declaration only came into effect on 8 October On 15 January , Croatia gained diplomatic recognition by the European Economic Community members, and subsequently the United Nations.
Following the end of the war, Croatia faced the challenges of post-war reconstruction, the return of refugees, advancing democratic principles, protection of human rights and general social and economic development.
The post period is characterized by democratization, economic growth and structural and social reforms, as well as problems such as unemployment, corruption and the inefficiency of the public administration.
Although Croatia experienced a significant boom in the economy in the early s, the increase of the government debt and the absence of concrete reforms led to a financial crisis in which forced the government to cut public spending thus provoking a public outcry.
The majority of Croatian voters voted in favour of country's EU membership at the referendum. On 22 March , a 5.
Over 1, buildings were reported to have become uninhabitable by the earthquake damage. It borders Hungary to the northeast, Serbia to the east, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Montenegro to the southeast, and Slovenia to the northwest.
Part of the territory in the extreme south surrounding Dubrovnik is a practical exclave connected to the rest of the mainland by territorial waters , but separated on land by a short coastline strip belonging to Bosnia and Herzegovina around Neum.
The territory covers 56, square kilometres 21, square miles , consisting of 56, square kilometres 21, square miles of land and square kilometres 49 square miles of water.
It is the th largest country in the world. Insular Croatia consists of over a thousand islands and islets varying in size, 48 of which are permanently inhabited.
The largest islands are Cres and Krk ,  each of them having an area of around square kilometres square miles. The hilly northern parts of Hrvatsko Zagorje and the flat plains of Slavonia in the east which is part of the Pannonian Basin are traversed by major rivers such as Danube , Drava , Kupa , and Sava.
The Danube, Europe's second longest river, runs through the city of Vukovar in the extreme east and forms part of the border with Vojvodina.
The central and southern regions near the Adriatic coastline and islands consist of low mountains and forested highlands.
Natural resources found in the country in quantities significant enough for production include oil, coal, bauxite, low-grade iron ore, calcium, gypsum, natural asphalt, silica, mica, clays, salt, and hydropower.
Croatia's most famous lakes are the Plitvice lakes , a system of 16 lakes with waterfalls connecting them over dolomite and limestone cascades.
The lakes are renowned for their distinctive colours, ranging from turquoise to mint green, grey or blue. Most of Croatia has a moderately warm and rainy continental climate as defined by the Köppen climate classification.
The coldest parts of the country are Lika and Gorski Kotar where snowy forested climate is found at elevations above 1, metres 3, feet.
The warmest areas of Croatia are at the Adriatic coast and especially in its immediate hinterland characterised by the Mediterranean climate , as the temperature highs are moderated by the sea.
Consequently, temperature peaks are more pronounced in the continental areas. Mean annual precipitation ranges between millimetres 24 inches and 3, millimetres inches depending on geographic region and prevailing climate type.
However, in the latter case, it occurs mostly during the growing season. The maximum precipitation levels are observed on the Dinara mountain range and in Gorski kotar.
Prevailing winds in the interior are light to moderate northeast or southwest, and in the coastal area, prevailing winds are determined by local area features.
Higher wind velocities are more often recorded in cooler months along the coast, generally as the cool northeasterly bura or less frequently as the warm southerly jugo.
Croatia can be subdivided between a number of ecoregions because of its climate and geomorphology. The country is consequently one of the richest in Europe in terms of biodiversity.
There are four types of biogeographical regions in Croatia— Mediterranean along the coast and in its immediate hinterland, Alpine in most of Lika and Gorski Kotar, Pannonian along Drava and Danube, and Continental in the remaining areas.
One of the most significant are karst habitats which include submerged karst, such as Zrmanja and Krka canyons and tufa barriers, as well as underground habitats.
The karst geology harbours approximately 7, caves and pits, some of which are the habitat of the only known aquatic cave vertebrate —the olm. Other habitat types include wetlands, grasslands, bogs, fens, scrub habitats, coastal and marine habitats.
There are 37, known species in Croatia, but their actual number is estimated to be between 50, and , Legislation protects 1, species.
A further problem is presented by invasive alien species, especially Caulerpa taxifolia algae. The invasive algae are regularly monitored and removed to protect the benthic habitat.
Indigenous sorts of cultivated plants and breeds of domesticated animals are also numerous. Those include five breeds of horses, five breeds of cattle, eight breeds of sheep, two breeds of pigs, and a poultry breed.
Even the indigenous breeds include nine endangered or critically endangered ones. Those include eight national parks , two strict reserves, and ten nature parks.
The strict and special reserves, as well as the national and nature parks, are managed and protected by the central government, while other protected areas are managed by counties.
In , the National Ecological Network was set up, as the first step in the preparation of the EU accession and joining of the Natura network.
The Republic of Croatia is a unitary state using a parliamentary system of governance. With the collapse of the ruling communist party in SFR Yugoslavia, Croatia organized its first multi-party elections and adopted its present constitution in The President of the Republic Croatian : Predsjednik Republike is the head of state , directly elected to a five-year term and is limited by the Constitution to a maximum of two terms.
In addition to being the commander in chief of the armed forces, the president has the procedural duty of appointing the prime minister with the consent of the parliament, and has some influence on foreign policy.
He took the oath of office on 19 February The Government is seated at Banski dvori in Zagreb. A unicameral parliament Sabor holds legislative power.
A second chamber , the House of Counties , set up in pursuant to the Constitution, was abolished in The number of Sabor members can vary from to ; they are all elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms.
The sessions of the Sabor take place from 15 January to 15 July, and from 15 September to 15 December. Croatia has a civil law legal system in which law arises primarily from written statutes, with judges serving merely as implementers and not creators of law.
Its development was largely influenced by German and Austrian legal systems. Croatian law is divided into two principal areas— private and public law.
By the time EU accession negotiations were completed on 30 June , Croatian legislation was fully harmonised with the Community acquis.
The main national courts are the Constitutional Court , which oversees violations of the Constitution, and the Supreme Court , which is the highest court of appeal.
Lay magistrates also participate in trials. Law enforcement agencies are organised under the authority of the Ministry of the Interior which consist primarily of the national police force.
Croatia was first subdivided into counties in the Middle Ages. The traditional division of the country into counties was abolished in the s when the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes and the subsequent Kingdom of Yugoslavia introduced oblasts and banovinas respectively.
Communist-ruled Croatia, as a constituent part of post-World War II Yugoslavia, abolished earlier divisions and introduced municipalities, subdividing Croatia into approximately one hundred municipalities.
Counties were reintroduced in legislation, significantly altered in terms of territory relative to the pres subdivisions. Since the counties were re-established in , Croatia is divided into 20 counties and the capital city of Zagreb , the latter having the authority and legal status of a county and a city at the same time.
Borders of the counties changed in some instances since, with the latest revision taking place in The counties subdivide into cities and municipalities.
The latter encompasses all the counties along the Adriatic coast. Croatia has established diplomatic relations with countries.
Since , Croatian foreign policy has focused on achieving the strategic goal of becoming a member state of the European Union EU. As of , Croatia has unsolved border issues with all neighbouring former Yugoslav countries Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Serbia, Slovenia.
According to the constitution, the President is commander-in-chief of the armed forces and in case of immediate threat during wartime he issues orders directly to the General Staff.
Following the —95 war defence spending and CAF size have been in constant decline. As of [update] military spending was an estimated 2.
According to a presidential decree issued in the CAF is set to employ 18, active duty military personnel, 3, civilians and 2, voluntary conscripts between the ages of 18 and 30 in peacetime.
Compulsory conscription was abolished in January Conscientious objectors could instead opt for an eight-month civilian service.
Uniforms and helmets worn by CAF soldiers are also locally produced and successfully marketed to other countries. Real GDP growth in was 2,6 per cent.
The number of unemployed persons was Unemployment Rate in Croatia in years — averaged Croatia's largest trading partner was the rest of the European Union, with top three countries being Germany, Italy and Slovenia.
Privatization and the drive toward a market economy had barely begun under the new Croatian Government when war broke out in As a result of the war, the economic infrastructure sustained massive damage, particularly the revenue-rich tourism industry.
From to , the GDP fell In the Corruption Perceptions Index , published by Transparency International , the country is ranked 60th with a score of 48, where zero denotes "highly corrupt" and "very clean".
The industry is considered an export business because it significantly reduces the country's external trade imbalance.
The bulk of the tourist industry is concentrated along the Adriatic Sea coast. Opatija was the first holiday resort.
It first became popular in the middle of the 19th century. By the s, it had become one of the most significant European health resorts.
Inland areas offer agrotourism , mountain resorts , and spas. Zagreb is also a significant tourist destination, rivalling major coastal cities and resorts.
Croatia has unpolluted marine areas reflected through numerous nature reserves and Blue Flag beaches. It was also the first European country to develop commercial naturist resorts.
The highlight of Croatia's recent infrastructure developments is its rapidly developed motorway network , largely built in the late s and especially in the s decade.
By September , Croatia had completed more than 1, kilometres miles of motorways, connecting Zagreb to most other regions and following various European routes and four Pan-European corridors.
A widespread network of state roads in Croatia acts as motorway feeder roads while connecting all major settlements in the country.
The high quality and safety levels of the Croatian motorway network were tested and confirmed by several EuroTAP and EuroTest programs. Croatia has an extensive rail network spanning 2, kilometres 1, miles , including kilometres miles of electrified railways and kilometres miles of double track railways.
The busiest cargo seaport in Croatia is the Port of Rijeka and the busiest passenger ports are Split and Zadar. There are kilometres miles of crude oil pipelines in Croatia, connecting the Port of Rijeka oil terminal with refineries in Rijeka and Sisak, as well as several transhipment terminals.
In , With an estimated population of 4. Zagreb Split. Rijeka Osijek. The total fertility rate of 1. The population decrease was also a result of the Croatian War of Independence.
During the war, large sections of the population were displaced and emigration increased. In , in predominantly occupied areas, more than , Croats were either removed from their homes by the rebel Serb forces or fled the violence.
The Croatian government has taken care of displaced persons by the social security system, and since December through the Office of Displaced Persons and Refugees.
According to the United Nations report, Croatia has no official religion. Freedom of religion is a right defined by the Constitution which also defines all religious communities as equal before the law and separated from the state.
According to the census, The largest religion after Christianity is Islam 1. Croatian is the official language of Croatia and became the 24th official language of the European Union upon its accession in According to the Census, There are three major dialects spoken on the territory of Croatia, with standard Croatian based on the Shtokavian dialect.
The Chakavian and Kajkavian dialects are distinguished by their lexicon , phonology and syntax. Croatian replaced Latin as the official language of the Croatian government in the 19th century.
Flag of the Admiral of the Fleet. Flag of the Admiral. Flag of the Vice Admiral. Flag of the Rear Admiral. Flag of the Commodore. Pennant of the commander of a fleet of naval vessels.
Pennant of the commander of a flotilla of naval vesse. Pennant of the commander of a division of naval vessels. Pennant of the commander of a group of naval vessels.
Pennant of the most senior commander of a naval vessel. Pennant of the commander of a naval vessel.
Flag of the Speaker of the Croatian Parliament. Flag of the President of the Government of the Republic of Croatia. Flag of the General of the Armed Forces.
Fans holding the Croatian flag during the Hungarian Grand Prix. Athletes of Croatia entering during the opening ceremonies of the Winter Paralympics with the national flag.
Croatian flag raised in the European Parliament after accession in In Crikvenica , fans gathered with the Croatian flag watching the home team playing Portugal during the Independence Day holiday.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. National flag. Coat of arms , the principal part of a system of hereditary symbols dating back to early medieval Europe, used primarily to establish identity in battle.
Arms evolved to denote family descent, adoption, alliance, property ownership, and, eventually, profession. Croatia , country located in the northwestern part of the Balkan Peninsula.
It is a small yet highly geographically diverse crescent-shaped country. Its capital is Zagreb, located in the north. The present-day republic is composed of the historically Croatian regions of Croatia-Slavonia located in the upper arm….
Its width-to-length ratio is 2 to 3. Croatia Flag Stock Photos and Images 19 matches. Sort by : Relevance.
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Cut Out. Do not include these words. Safe Search. Page of Sort by. Number of people All Without People 1 person 2 people 3 people 4 people or more.Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts 51 : — Government of Croatia. Archived from the original on 11 November The high quality and safety levels of the Croatian motorway network were tested and Poker Freeroll Turniere by several EuroTAP and EuroTest programs. Clashing cargo containers Croatian Ministry of Defence. University of Rijeka. Retrieved 19 June World Heritage Sites in Croatia. JHU Press.